Tag Archives: gaming

Great defeats of the Roman empire

In this blog post, I will talk about three major defeats of the Roman Empire. They were Cannae, Carrhae, and Tutoburger Wald.

The battle at Cannae was not the first military disaster of the Roman empire. The battle of Trebia had done that. Why Cannae was so important was the death of one man, a general, as well as many men.

The battle was fought between the consul, Varro, of Rome and Hannibal Barca, brother of Hamilcar Barca, leader of Carthage. In this war, the Second Punic War, Hannibal had made an assault on Italy. He had won many victories due to superior generalship, and, since his forces were much smaller than the Roman Armies, he certainly didn’t enjoy superior numbers, and he didn’t need them. The Romans had 58,000 Legionaries, 16,000 Light auxiliaries, and 6,000 cavalry, that included both the Roman cavalry and Allied cavalry.

Meanwhile, Hannibal only had 32,000 infantry, 8,000 Light auxiliaries, and 10,000 Cavalry, which included Numidian cavalry and Gallic and Spanish Cavalry. Hannibal’s advantage lay not in his infantry or his Light troops, nor in anyone from the Carthaginian Empire, but the Gallic and Spanish cavalry.

The battle began with the Light troop skirmishes, and soon have both sets of infantry battering each other. Hannibal draws the Roman General Paullus and most of the Legionaries into a trap. Meanwhile, his cavalry batter down the Roman and allied cavalry. The Numidian cavalry are held off, but the Spanish and Gallic are victorious. Finally, they go behind the Roman forces, sealing their fate.

Half of the Roman force is killed, as well as Paullus himself, at the cost of very little Carthaginian lives. Despite these victories, Hannibal did not feel strong enough to attack Rome. Not too long later, he was called back to Carthage, where he was defeated by general Scipio at the battle of Zama. Through all of Rome’s battles, it has been shown that Roman foot soldiers are the strong point, and the cavalry are the weak spot. Many of Rome’s enemies won over them sometimes because of superior horsemanship.

Carrhae was the worst defeat of the Romans in the Middle East. Recently, Rome had come up against the Parthian Empire. General Licinius Crassus prepared an invasion. It seemed that he would be unbeatable, with 32,000 infantry, 4,000 Gallic and Roman cavalry, and 6,000 Arab cavalry. They were only faced by 11,000 Parthian cavalry, but the Romans underestimated their enemy.

The Parthians and the Roman cavalry slugged out for a while. What the Romans didn’t know was that the Parthians had two different kinds of cavalry. They knew about the Horse archers, but not about the heavily armed Cataphracts, a kind of Super-heavy cavalry. They charged at the Roman forces with the cover of the Horse archers, and destroyed the Roman force. Crassus and more than 20,000 soldiers died, and 5,000 soldiers were taken prisoner and never seen again. It was thought that they were killed.

The Romans always took the Parthians seriously after this. They wouldn’t suffer another defeat for more than fifty years. The next one came during the Roman empire, and it was one of the greatest military disasters of all time. Its name is Tutoburger Wald….

Tutoburger Wald is probably one of the most famous military defeats of all time. The one general who caused all this was related to emperor Augustus. He was Publius Quinctilius Varus. Augustus had put him in charge of the Germans, mainly the Cherusci tribe. Under Varus, the Germans were brutally suppressed, which lost him much local support. Varus still thought that the Cherusci were loyal to him and liked him.

Not too long afterwards, Varus went to crush a rebellion in Germany. He was in control of three legions, about 15,000 men, along with cavalry and auxiliaries, making for a grand total of 21,000 men. But to get there, Varus had to go through the forest of Tutoburger Wald. For that, chief Arminius of the Cherusci and some of his guides were used by the Romans.

Suddenly, the Germans disappeared, but soon came back with an army of about 31,000 men. They slowly attacked the exhausted Roman soldiers. It had been raining, making shields heavy and useless. The Romans were broken apart and slowly destroyed.

Finally, realizing that he had made a massive mistake, Varus committed suicide, while all of his other men died around him. At the end of the battle, Only a handful of Romans survived. In memory of these lost legions, Rome never again used the numbers 17, 18, or 19. These were the legion numbers that Varus had. Tutoburger Wald went on to become Rome’s greatest defeat ever, and perhaps the greatest in ancient times.

Rome is not invincible, and that was showed during these battles. Tutoburger Wald ended Roman invincibility, and the Romans never again invaded Germany.

Minecraft weekly #4(Along with Blog information!)

Blog Info:

If you are waiting for other Blog posts, it is because I am quite busy right now. I do have a few pre made Blog posts that I will release over time.

Minecraft weekly:

In this fourth step, I am expecting that you have Diamonds and other rare things, along with basic stuff. First step to this new age is to gather these supplies:(a Stack means 64 of an item)

Diamond tools

Iron armor

stack of wood.

Stack of coal

two stacks of Cobblestone

stack of torches

Stack of Iron

Spare diamonds

Emeralds(If you find any. I don’t expect you to find them, so this is optional)

Whatever else you want to take!

Once you have these items in your inventory, make sure that you have a chest with some backup items in it back at your home. Also, if you have spare diamonds, don’t take many, just three(In case you need another pickaxe).

If you have an Enchantment table and(Optional) bookshelves, place the bookshelves in a square one block away from the Enchantment table. There has to be nothing between the Enchantment table and the Bookshelves except for the air. There HAS to be a one block space, or it will not work. Now you may be asking me “Why are you telling me to do this?”. This is because NOW you have the highest enchantment levels.

Enchanting is a complicated system, and today I am not going to tell you about it. Just keep with it for right now, but don’t use your enchantment table yet. Now you are ready to go on an adventure. Go wherever you want, but try not to die. You could go into more caves, explore the overworld, or even make a new home. ALWAYS remember where your old home is, though, because it is a nightmare to get lost.

The next step isn’t really a step, it is more of an age. At the beginning of the last age, you would have thought that everything is complete. It isn’t. In the next Minecraft weekly, I will talk about all the new adventures that are waiting for you when you get back from your final adventure in the older age.

Minecraft weekly #3

So far, we’ve gotten a good start to minecraft; A home, good tools, building blocks, and food. If you just want to do that for the rest of your minecrafting days, then from this point on, these blog posts will be useless for you. If you want to go farther, and explore the dangerous and uncharted parts of minecraft and get even better upgrades, then these are for you. This section will tell about mining, and what you get when you go deeper.

First of all, you need to mass up supplies, such as food, iron, wood, coal, and, oddly enough, a bucket of water. The water is for in case you run in to lava, so when that happens, just right click while holding the bucket of water when you get out of the lava, and bam, you’re not on fire any longer.

Unlike last time, go AS DEEP AS POSSIBLE, and ALWAYS start from a cave. They can be time and material savers, though you could get blown up. Once you get deep, four different ores will appear along with the ones that you have already seen; these are Gold, Redstone, Lapis, and Diamond. If you are under a mountain biome, you can find Emeralds too. All of these ores must be broken with a iron pickaxe.

Gold ore will look like all the other ores, except with yellow spots instead of black(Coal) or rust(Iron) spots. You have to smelt gold. It is used to make strong tools that last about as long as wood, so don’t use gold for tools(Same with the armor). You could use it to make a clock or powered rails. I usually just keep it in a chest. Like Iron, you can make it into a block and place it.

Redstone is an ore that has red spots on it. It does not need to be smelted, and will drop more then one piece of redstone dust when you break it. YOU CANNOT USE IT FOR TOOLS, it is used mostly for redstone creations. Redstone is like a wire used to carry electricity in your house, and can turn on different things. It does need something to turn it on, though. Redstone blocks are newly added into the game, and are used in redstone circuits.

Lapis is very much like redstone, but have a few major differences. First of all, Lapis has dark blue spots on its ore. Second of all, it isn’t used for redstone circuits; it is used for dyeing things blue. You can make it into a block.

Diamonds are the best of all. They have light blue spots on their ore, and drop one diamond that does not need smelting. These diamonds create the best, most durable tools and armor around. Diamonds are very rare, though. Just like everything else, they can be made into a block. They are also used in other items, such as Enchanting tables and jukeboxes.

Emeralds are like diamonds, except the only use of them is to trade with villagers. They also have green spots on their ore. This ore is the rarest. They can be made into blocks.

Minecraft Weekly #1

This is the first minecraft weekly. In this blog post, I will be talking about the basics of survival, which will help many n00bs to get better at the game.

For a starter, you create a world. I suspect that you know how to create a new world. First of all, the ‘gamemode’ button needs to be at survival. Next, press the ‘create new world’ button, and there you go. If you want to name your world, just type in the name in the box that says ‘new world’ in it before you create the world. Once you create it, the survival starts.

There are many different methods of survival, but first of all there are two different modes that switch the way that you play the game. First of all, you can play on Peaceful, which means NO monsters and NO losing hunger. There are bosses, but you can’t get to them(Because there are no wither skeletons to get wither heads and no endermen to get ender pearls, which you have to combine with blaze powder to get an Eye of Ender, and there are no blazes,).

There is also easy, normal, and hard, which all have monsters and hunger(Important note; In peaceful, there are still non hostile mobs and some neutral mobs. In peaceful, dogs, cats, and Iron Golems are still there, but not Enderman or Zombie pigmen). I would recommend you starting at easy, because peaceful can get boring after a while, and normal and hard can drive you mad because the hunger bar goes down faster. Also, Cave Spiders poison you on normal and hard,). If you go on peaceful, I would recommend looking at another blog post, or maybe just look it up, since I am going to be talking about survival on easy.

IMPORTANT NOTE: NEVER choose hardcore as your gamemode instead of survival when you create your world, at least while you are not a good survivalist to the game. More notes will be about that in another blog post.

When you come in to the new world, start punching trees(I know it sounds dumb, but do it anyway,). This will give you wood, which you can craft by putting in your inventory. Once you craft these, you need to craft a workbench and sticks, and you can look up crafting recipes on the Minecraft Wiki. Once you have a crafting table, you need to craft a wood pickaxe. Once you have done this, dig down to get some stone. Once you have cobblestone(when you break stone, you get cobblestone, which is used for tools. Stone can be smelted back from cobblestone, but you cannot make tools out of it), Go ahead and craft some stone pickaxes, swords, and axes. If you find coal, get it, because you can use it to get torches.

At this time, you will probably be ready to explore. Get your crafting table and start exploring, and once it becomes night, make a quick shelter. If you can, find some food, but wait to mine in caves. NEVER stand outside and fight through the night. It is the best way to get killed. The best way to kill mobs is to make Murder Holes, shown by PaulsoaresJR.

After you have survived the night, I would get out and wander around a little more. This is the checklist that your home place NEEDS to have:

Nearby wood source*(1)

Nearby cave

Pasture of animals nearby, preferable animals are cows.

It cannot be in the middle of a desert,*(2)

*(1) If you have saplings, then this is not needed, but it is better to live near a forest or jungle.

*(2) If you find a desert village, then you can stay, but otherwise, go in to the desert, but don’t make your settlement there.

Here is a list of optional things:

Terrain(Such as mountains) That give you a natural barricade from monsters.

Huge cave system with many ores

Nice landscape

DOGGIES NEARBY!

MOST IMPORTANT OPTIONAL THING: KITTIES NEARBY!(No, it isn’t, but It IS true that minecraft cats and kittens can be cute, but they take a lot of effort to tame,)

After this, you should be able to settle down and survive. No matter how long it takes you to find the necessary things, search for them. Until you can, set up a small hole in the ground to stay in during the night. These are your first two major steps in minecraft, which I call the Beginning(Getting tools and things), and the Searching(When you search for a home).