The crown of England and Religion have been tied together for most of history, but, in the 1530s, All of that changed. Part of that was due to England’s limited monarchy.
Monarchy started out as a dictatorship, and changed over time. Monarchy that allows the king to tax at will and do anything without anyone’s agreement is called an absolute monarchy. France was the ultimate example of an absolute monarchy.
On the other side, England was a limited monarchy, meaning that there was a Parliament that voted on taxes and other subjects. Here, the people, or at least the rich people, had a say in government. But, in a way, the Barons and other lords were saying that they, and only them, could hold the king to account. The king’s true power lied with the villages and towns of England.
Kings, in the middle ages, were ruled over by the Pope religiously. In the pope’s mind, he was also the political master of kings, and most kings didn’t agree with this. Many kings argued with the Pope.
Protestantism began in the 1520s as a group of Christians said that the Pope and the Catholic church was “Corrupt and over-mighty”. This was a chance for the English kings to try to gain more power, when Henry VIII made the Royal supremacy by making himself the head of the Church of England.
At this point, Parliament thought that the king would gain too much power through religion, but what would Parliament do to stop the reform?